The title of a recently released Bloomberg article is “Next Pope to Face Calls for RENEWAL After Benedict RESISTED” (Web-site/URL: http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2013-02-11/next-pope-is-tasked-with-revival-after-scandals-blight-benedict.html).
“In the Italian film “Habemus Papam,” a newly elected pope is so OVERWHELMED by the job that he scales the Vatican walls and resigns”. This is EXPECTED (Web-site/URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NgnAY_eXYbI) because being the leader of AN ENTIRE RELIGION is certainly DAUNTING.
“Nanni Moretti, playing his psychotherapist, quips: “NO ONE IN HIS RIGHT MIND WOULD WANT HIS JOB” again, because IT IS SO DAUNTING.
“in a phone interview yesterday (February 11, 2013). Reverend Robert Wister, a professor of church history at Seton Hall University in New Jersey, said” “The church will have to address that people are LOSING THEIR FAITH and that the developing world poses other challenges with its DIVERSITY and COMPLEXITY”. Two excellent examples in the developing world are INDIA (with a mix of HINDUISM, ISLAM & others), CHINA and NORTH KOREA (which is predominantly BUDDHIST, although Communism in theory/typically DOES NOT allow its citizens to believe in any religion/participate in religious activities & rituals).
“Vatican spokesman Father Federico Lombardi told reporters today (February 12, 2013)” “Benedict WILL NOT play a role in the selection of his successor”. “He will be retired and he WILL NOT intervene IN ANY WAY in the process”.
According to Federico Niglia, “an adjunct professor at LUISS University in Rome”, “Benedict’s PERSONAL DECISION reflects the PERCEPTION of himself as BEING UNABLE TO RULE IN A PERIOD OF TRANSITION” from the old to THE NEW. So Benedict has a VERY NEGATIVE “perception” of himself, which, again, is NOT a good thing. “Italians are still strong, but OTHER GROUPS ARE PUTTING ON PRESSURE , so I can EXPECT a pope from aNON-European country”. This is the latest EXPECTATION (Web-site/URL: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NgnAY_eXYbI).
“in an e-mailed response to questions, Joseph Capizzi, an associate professor of theology and religious studies at the Catholic University of America” said: “There are certainly wonderful candidates from OUTSIDE the U.S. and Europe” obviously. “Catholicism in the THIRD world is a source of ENORMOUS VITALITY to the rest of the church”, except in CHINA and NORTH KOREA again.
“As Cardinal Ratzinger, he helped QUASH the “LIBERATION theology” that mixed faith with political activism in places such as South America. As pope, Benedict reached out to traditionalists by lifting a ban on priests celebrating Latin Mass”. “helped QUASH “liberation” implies that Ratzinger was AGAINST FREEDOM, a fundamental right. WOW. Could a GERMAN possibly be AGAINST freedom?
According to Anja Middelbeck-Varwick, “a professor of theology at the FREE (?) University in Berlin”, “He was a pope-theologian (someone who studies God), a PROFESSOR — and certainly gave the pontificate A CERTAIN profile”. Was this “profile” good or bad?
“In Moretti’s “Habemus Papam” — the title is drawn from the Latin words announcing the pope — the man chosen to lead is a dark horse, a modest Frenchman plagued with DOUBT and uncertainty until he comes to a MOMENTOUS decision“.
Finally, Cardinal Melville, “the protagonist and RELUCTANT pontiff, tells the multitude of followers”, “In this moment, the Church needs a guide who HAS THE STRENGTH to bring GREAT CHANGES, who SEEKS AN ENCOUNTER WITH ALL. I feel (that) I am NOT among those who can lead, but who mustBE LED“. This implies that Benedict was INEPT/INCAPABLE, a VERY NEGATIVE characteristic.
Again this conclusion is easy. “Next Pope to Face Calls for RENEWAL“ = “Next Pope Faces Calls” to MODERNIZE/become more LIBERAL, but this will be difficult because the church is by definition CONSERVATIVE with values such as NO SEX BEFORE MARRIAGE and views opposing LGBT. Pope Benedict’s resignation is the first in 598 years (the first since Pope GREGORY XII in 1415) and the first to WILLINGLY/VOLUNTARILY resign in 719 years (Pope CELESTINE V in 1294).